To understand the weather over the UK we must first look into what is happening in North America as we get most of our weather from that direction. Due to the rotation of our planet and the Coriolis effect in the Northern Hemisphere winds are blown to the right across the North Atlantic to our shores. The Coriolis effect increases in strength the nearer you get to the poles and is responsible for large cyclones or depressions. The weather in the North Atlantic is influenced by the 23.4° tilt in the axis of the Earth as the seasons are caused by variations in the angle of the sunlight hitting the Earth and are one of the major causes of Atlantic storms.
The Arctic Ocean occupies a roughly circular basin and covers an area of about 5,427,000 sq miles almost the size of Antarctica and its coastline is 28,200 miles long. It is surrounded by the land masses of Eurasia North America Greenland and by several islands. It is generally taken to include Baffin Bay Barents Sea Beaufort Sea Chukchi Sea East Siberian Sea Greenland Sea Hudson Bay Hudson Strait Kara Sea Laptev Sea White Sea and other tributary bodies of water. It is connected to the Pacific Ocean by the Bering Strait and to the Atlantic Ocean through the Greenland and Labrador Seas. The average depth of the Arctic Ocean is 3,406 feet. The deepest point is Litke Deep in the Eurasian Basin at 17,880 feet. Much of the Arctic Ocean is covered by sea ice that varies seasonally in extent and thickness. The mean extent of the ice has been decreasing since 1980 from the average winter value 6,023,200 sq miles at a rate of 3% per decade. The sea ice is affected by wind and the ocean currents. The Arctic ice pack is thinning and for many years there has been is a seasonal hole in the ozone layer. Reduction of the area of Arctic sea ice reduces the planet's average albedo possibly resulting in global warming. Research shows that the Arctic may become ice free for the first time in human history by 2040.
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The Atlantic Ocean is the second-
The Icelandic Met Office is a public institution under the auspices of the Ministry for the Environment and Natural Resources historically based on the Icelandic Meteorological Office and the Icelandic Hydrological Survey. The two institutions merged in 2009 with the responsibility of monitoring natural hazards in Iceland and conducting research in related fields.
This website will use information and data from the NOAA -
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A staff member monitoring computer screens showing seismic activity from the Bardarbunga volcanic eruption. They have a staff of 130 people of which 60 staff members work on research-
Atlantic Coast Public Weather Alerts
Satellite image of the Atlantic Coast
The 1996 Ottawa Declaration established the Arctic Council as a forum for promoting cooperation, coordination, and interaction among the Arctic States, with the involvement of the Arctic indigenous communities and other Arctic inhabitants on issues such as sustainable development and environmental protection